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The following is derived from reading Aelianus and Asclepiodotus: even in translation the meanings aren't always apparent, despite the drawings they helpfully provided. As such, even though modified for Glorantha, some of my interpretations are probably wrong. This assumes a Pelorian phalanx, with some of the counter-march orders arbitrarily associated with various gods or emperors. A phalanx requires drill and discipline to function, and is capable of performing numerous maneuvers upon command. Commands are given by voice, by trumpet or by the movement of the standard, or a combination of these. The movement of a phalanx on the battlefield performing precise exercises can intimidate and cower the enemy: a thousand or more glinting spearheads moving in unison to a common purpose will overawe a foe, lowering their morale before a blow has been struck. With the sound of a thousand or more men marching together the effect may daunt even the bravest barbarian. A number of Pelorian phalanx drill commands are given below. Attention! Await order about to be issued. To arms! Gather weapons and shield, shield resting against knees, spear vertical. Stand to your arms! Face front, shield in front of body, spear vertical. Raise spears! Spear held upright, base off the ground. Front ranks! Lower spears! Front ranks lower spears to the horizontal attack position. Fall in! Gather in formation. Fall out! Drop out of formation. Mark distances! Form the correct distance from soldiers in front and to the sides. Form files! Files form a straight line. Form ranks! Files maintain a straight line from flank to flank. Dress files! Straighten the files. Dress ranks! Straighten the ranks. Eyes front! Look to the front. Leaders, order your files! File-leaders ensure their file is in proper order and spacing. Take the first distance! File-leaders stop, defining the first distance. March! March forward. Advance! Advance to contact enemy. Halt! Halt. The depth, double! Close order to open order: file merges into the file beside it. The width, double! Open order to close order: rear file moves forward to the left to fill the gap between two forward files. Shields lock! Adopt close order. About-face! Fully turn to face in the opposite direction. To the pike, face! Turn right. To the pike, wheel! All soldiers in the formation turn to the right. To the shield, face! Turn left. To the shield, wheel! All soldiers in the formation turn to the left. As you were! Disregard the previous order and return to the most recent order. Daxdarius File Counter-march! Counter-march by file: formation halts, file-leader about-faces to face in the opposite direction and steps into the space between the files; the file advances past them with each member wheeling about, stepping into position. Once complete the formation is facing in the opposite direction to its initial orientation and positioned ahead of its original position. Polaris File Counter-march! Counter-march by file: formation halts, the men in each file about face. The file-leaders are now at the rear of the formation. The formation occupies the same location it did prior to the order. Khordavus File Counter-march! Counter-march by file: formation halts, the file leader about-faces, steps into the space between files and moves down between his file and the next; as each soldier in the file is passed they wheel about and follow the file-leader. Once complete the formation is facing in the opposite direction to its initial orientation and positioned behind its original position. Daxdarius Rank Counter-march! Counter-march by rank: formation halts, and counter-march commences at the wing closest to the enemy. The soldier at the end of each rank steps into the space between the ranks; their original rank advances past them with each member wheeling about, stepping into position beside the previous soldier. Once complete the formation is positioned beside its original position, and closer to the enemy. Polaris Rank Counter-march! Counter-march by rank: formation halts, and the counter-march commences with the soldier at the end of each rank stepping into the space between the ranks and moving along between the files, followed by the rest of the rank until the last soldier has stepped back. The phalanx files are now in the reverse order. Khordavus Rank Counter-march! Counter-march by rank: formation halts and countermarch commences on the wing furthest from the enemy. The soldier at the end of the rank steps into the space between the ranks and moves down between the files; as each soldier in the rank is passed they follow the rank-leader. Once complete the formation is positioned beside its original position, and further from the enemy.
[Not canonical but derived from studying illustrations in RQ2, the Guide to Glorantha, etc.] A great variety of helmets are worn in central Genertela; the selection below is not definitive. Whilst certain designs are historically associated with particular regions, this does not denote the territory within which a particular helmet is found. A: Pelandan 1 is knowns as a pseudo-mostali, claimed to be based on the helmets acquired by Daxdarius, and now worn only by gladiators. 2-6 are hoplite helmets, and may be worn by phalanx soldiers across Peloria, Dragon Pass and Prax. B: Dara Happan 1 is a simple bronze cap; 2 adds a cranial ridge; 3-7 a nose-guard and various levels of added protection. C: Pelorian Some are clearly developed from the Pelandan helmets, though others, such as 5 are virtually identical to those worn by some Orlanthi. 10 is decorated with an embossed or incised moustache and beard. D: Saird Related to the Pelorian but 1-5 have a high and forward inclined lobate apex; in 1-2 stylized as a horse’s head. 6-7 are Yelmalion ‘hawk helms’. E ‘Barbarian Belt’ 1-3 are simple ‘pot’ helmets; 4 is more complex; 5 is imposing and the helm of a king or champion; 6 is fashioned from boars’ tusks; 7 is an example of a Grazelander helmet. F: Helmet Furniture A variety of forms of decoration are added to helmets, though usually only heroes, champions and officers so advertise their presence on the battlefield. Such furniture adds to the weight of the helmets and poses the risk of an enemy grasping it, so may be made to be easily detachable. The helmets shown are only examples; such decoration can be added to almost all helmet designs at the whim of the wearer. 1-3 add horse hair crests; 4 has a plume; 5 a feather; 6 horns and is typical of an Uroxi helmet; 7, the Grazelander helmet includes a horse figurine with a tail made of hair. Nose-guards are often styled as Death or Truth Runes.